Tibet, known as the Roof of the World, is the highest region on earth with an average elevation of over 4000m. Located in the heart of Asia, Tibet is surrounded by the worldâ€™s highest mountains, including Mt. Everest. The Tibetan Plateau covers nearly a quarter of the land mass of China and is home to 5.5 million Tibetan people. Along with the worldâ€™s highest mountains, many of Asiaâ€™s most important rivers have their headwaters on the Tibetan Plateau including the Yellow, Mekong, Yangtze, Salween and the Brahmaputra.
Tibet has a diverse geography. The northern areas are covered in high altitude grasslands home to yaks and nomadic herders. The eastern region is rugged with deep river valleys giving way to huge, snow-capped peaks. The western area is the most remote and is largely uninhabited, while the southern region is the most developed and most most densely populated. The southern region has Tibetâ€™s most famous and holiest temples and monasteries as well as the famous Himalayan mountain range.
Tibetan people are broken up into 3 main categories. The first are the nomads. Tibetan nomads live on the remote, high altitude grasslands of the north. The living conditions here are harsh with winter temperatures often dropping below -25C. Though remote, the nomadic areas are the best regions to travel to if you are interested in traditional Tibetan culture. The second main category that Tibetans fall in are the farmers. Tibetan farmers grow mainly high altitude barley, potatoes and wheat. Though they live lower than the nomads, they still live between 3000 meters and 4000 meters above sea level. The last category of Tibetans are those living in cities and towns. These Tibetans own businesses such as restaurants, guesthouses and small shops.
Tibet has some of the worldâ€™s most amazing scenery and has some of the most hospitable people. Come and see it for yourself! Contact us about arranging a trip to the Roof of the World!